Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease.
Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment. During an exam, the dentist or hygienist inspects the color and firmness of the gums. Teeth are also tested for looseness, and the bite is checked. A small measuring instrument called a periodontal probe is gently placed between the tooth and the gum to measure the depth of the pockets. This “periodontal” exam should be done at frequent intervals for all adults when there is a history of periodontal disease in the immediate family. X-rays should be taken at appropriate times to evaluate changes in the bone supporting the teeth.
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called a scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) will be recommended. In this procedure tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line. This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric tooth brush may be recommended to help control infection and healing.